Rizal Park is located along Roxas Boulevard, Manila, adjacent to the old walled city of Intramuros, it is one of the largest urban parks in Asia.It has been a favorite leisure spot, and is frequented on Sundays and national holidays.
Rizal Park's history began in 1820 when the Paseo de Luneta was completed just south of the walls of Manila on a marshy patch of land next to the beach during the Spanish rule.
Prior to the park, the marshy land was the location of a small town called Nuevo Barrio (New Town or Bagumbayan in Tagalog language) that dates back to 1601.
The town and its churches, being close to the walled city, were strategically used as cover by the British during their attack.
The Spanish authorities anticipated the danger posed by the settlements that immediately surrounded Intramuros in terms of external attacks, yet Church officials advocated for these villages to remain.
This is why the processions of January 9 have begun there in the park beginning in 2007.
After the clearing of the Bagumbayan settlement, the area later became known as Bagumbayan Field where the Cuartel la Luneta (Luneta Barracks), a Spanish Military Hospital (which was destroyed by one of the earthquakes of Manila), and a moat-surrounded outwork of the walled city of Manila, known as the Luneta (lunette) because of its crescent shape.His poem "Mi Ultimo Adios" ("My Last Farewell") is inscribed on the memorial plaque.The site is continuously guarded by ceremonial soldiers of Philippine Marine Corps’ Marine Security and Escort Group William Taft commissioned Daniel Burnham, architect and city planner, to do the city plan of Manila.Because of the part they played during the British Invasion, they were cleared after the short rule of the British from 1762 to 1764.The church of Bagumbayan originally enshrined the Black Nazarene.Because of the order to destroy the village and its church, the image was transferred first to San Nicolas de Tolentino then to Quiapo Church.